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Sunday, August 2, 2020 | History

2 edition of Country report on activities in prevention of drug use and prevention of HIV infection found in the catalog.

Country report on activities in prevention of drug use and prevention of HIV infection

Country report on activities in prevention of drug use and prevention of HIV infection

presentation of participants from Laos, Inter-Regional Workshop on Drug use and HIV Infection, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 07-11 October 1991.

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Published by Lao People"s Democratic Republic in [Vientiane] .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Laos
    • Subjects:
    • Drug abuse -- Laos -- Prevention -- Congresses.,
    • HIV infections -- Laos -- Prevention -- Congresses.

    • Edition Notes

      Microfiche. New Delhi : Library of Congress Office ; Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress Photoduplication Service, 1998. 3 microfiches. Master microform held by: DLC.

      ContributionsInter-Regional Workshop on Drug Use and HIV Infection (1991 : Chiang Mai, Thailand)
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsMicrofiche 98/63707 (H)
      The Physical Object
      FormatMicroform
      Pagination1 v. (various leaves)
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL958318M
      LC Control Number95944620

        Infection with HIV weakens the immune system and reduces the body's ability to fight viral infections that may lead to cancer (2, 7, 8).The viruses that are most likely to cause cancer in people with HIV are ():Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), also known as human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), which causes Kaposi sarcoma and some subtypes of lymphoma   This chapter assesses the effects of needle exchange programs on HIV infections and drug use behaviors. Five major sources provide the evidentiary basis for the panel's assessment: (1) a review carried out by congressional request of the effectiveness of needle exchange programs (U.S. General Accounting Office, ), (2) a second comprehensive evaluation carried out by University of

        HIV is spread primarily by unprotected sex (including anal and oral sex), contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles, and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. Some bodily fluids, such as saliva, sweat and tears, do not transmit the virus. HIV is a member of the group of viruses known as retroviruses.. Methods of prevention include safe sex, needle   ease attributable to drug use was substantial, rising in relative to Out of 43 risk factors, drug use was nineteenth in the ranking of the top global killers (alco-hol was third and tobacco was second). For people aged years, drug use was the sixth most common r eason for death. B. Impact on public safety ://

        HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection and injection drug use are major public health problems in the United States today. The focus of this study lies at the interface of these two critical threats to public health. The epidemiologic data indicate that the HIV epidemic in this country is now   This study assessed the prevalence and patterns of drug use among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Spain. We conducted an observational cross-sectional study including PLHIV. Data were collected through 33 sites across Spain using an online computer-assisted self-administered interview. The survey measured use of illicit drugs and other substances, treatment adherence and health ?id=/


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Country report on activities in prevention of drug use and prevention of HIV infection Download PDF EPUB FB2

Important Facts. Drug abuse has a pervasive effect on an entire community. Understanding drug use risk factors and spreading the word through prevention programs is the best defense against drug abuse. Parental monitoring has been the most effective way to slow the expansion of drugs in family :// Scaling up HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care A report on WHO support to countries in implementing the "3 by 5" initiative 28 June ; Progress on global access to HIV antiretroviral therapy: a report on 3 by 5 and beyond Progress report March 23 March ; WHO/Italian Initiative on HIV/AIDS Final report, 20 September NIDA's prevention research program focuses on risks for drug use and other problem behaviors that occur throughout a child's development, from pregnancy through young adulthood.

Research funded by NIDA and other federal research organizations - such as the National Institute of Mental Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - shows that early intervention can prevent many HIV prevention interventions may be viewed as having three components: primary prevention, mainly directed towards persons uninfected by HIV; secondary prevention, which includes early detection of HIV infection to offer early prevention and therapeutic services to both acutely and chronically infected persons, with a goal of reducing their Prevention of Psychoactive Substance Use: A Selected Review of What Works in the Area of Prevention, This review sets out to determine what evidence exists for the efficacy of preventive interventions in five circumscribed areas: regulation of physical and economic availability of alcohol, regulation of physical and economic availability of illicit substances, the use of the mass media Enormous advances in HIV/AIDS treatment regimens have fundamentally altered the natural history of the disease and sharply reduced HIV-related morbidity and mortality in countries where such treatments are accessible.

The advent of anti-retroviral drugs in the late s began a revolution in the management of HIV, which can be seen as analogous to the use of penicillin for treating bacterial   and identify innovative prevention programmes. Thirty-three drug-prevention programmes from around the world were invited to participate in a Youth Vision Jeunesse Drug Abuse Prevention Forumheld in Banff, Canada in In preparation for this event, each programme was asked to run 10 workshops with their   above established communication centers of drug prevention education in 24, primary and middle schools to directly guide the work in schools.

In recent years, integrated with the efforts to develop "drug-free communities," drug control publicity activities have   Prevention of Drug Use and Treatment of Drug Use Disorders in Rural Settings. March English Book of Abstracts: Scientific Consultation on Prevention of Drug Use and Treatment of Drug Use Disorders, Vienna International Centre, December June English Guidelines on drug prevention and treatment for girls and women.

April   Implications for HIV Prevention Trials. HIV prevention trials in community-risk populations may be difficult in Asia. Despite undeniable gaps in HIV prevention and in access to care and treatment of key populations, 14 an overall decrease of HIV prevalence is observed in the region due to effective prevention programs.

Furthermore, with   Prevention activities work to educate and support individuals and communities to prevent the use and misuse of drugs and the development of substance use disorders.

Substance use and mental disorders can make daily activities difficult and impair a person’s ability to work, interact with family, and fulfill other major life :// US Preventive Services Task Force. Preexposure prophylaxis for the prevention of HIV infection.

US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. JAMA ;32(22) Volk JE, Marcus JL, Phengrasamy T, et al. No new HIV infections with increasing use of HIV preexposure prophylaxis in a clinical practice ://   Does HIV affect children and adolescents. Yes, children and adolescents are among the people living with HIV in the United States.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 91 cases of HIV in children younger than 13 years of age were diagnosed in the United States in ; CDC reports that youth 13 to 24 years of age accounted for 21% of all new HIV diagnoses in   Country Drug Reports provide a top-level overview of the drug phenomenon in European countries, covering topics such as drug supply, drug use and public health problems as well as drug policy and responses.

Each Country Drug Report focuses on a single country (28 EU Member States as well as Norway   Infection prevention and control is a discipline that aims to prevent or control the spread of infections in healthcare facilities and the community.

What is an infection prevention and control programme. IPC programmes include activities, procedures and policies designed to reduce the spread of infections, usually within healthcare :// Introduction.

In Aprilthe State Council of the People’s Republic of China officially announced the lifting of its travel ban on people living with HIV/AIDS wishing to enter the country. 1 This ban was implemented >20 years ago as one of China’s first key policies for HIV/AIDS control and prevention.

2 The announcement reflects China’s current approach to HIV/AIDS: pragmatic By HIV prevention targeting MARPs included needle and syringe programs for IDUs. These programs were implemented in 3, communes in districts or 51% of all districts in 43 provinces mainly by 1, peer educators (Table 2) (VAAC: Unpublished report; ).

Condom use program targeting SWs involved 3, peer ://   The relevant divisions/offices of the National Center for HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control initiated to explore the approaches to the treatment of AIDS patients.

In In June, China-UK HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care Project was launched. The project covered 83 counties/districts in 37 prefectures/cities of Yunnan and   Infants who received negative test results in the first 7 days of life received an HIV diagnosis when the next diagnostic test was performed at 3 months of age.

18 For infants at higher risk of perinatal HIV transmission, the Panel on Treatment of Pregnant Women with HIV Infection and Prevention of Perinatal Transmission suggests performing an Methods A cross-sectional behavioural survey was conducted of adolescents (aged 10–19 years) in the cities of Kiev, Donetsk, Dnepropetrovsk and Nikolaev.

Using location-based network and convenience sampling, adolescents were reached in each site and were administered a standardised questionnaire on drug use, sexual behaviour, condom use, HIV knowledge, access to prevention.

Treatment as prevention (TasP) refers to taking HIV medication to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV. It is one of the highly effective options for preventing HIV transmission.

People living with HIV who take HIV medication daily as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to their HIV-negative ://  The new report by the World Bank and the International Centre for Research on Women―Tackling HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination in South Asia―says that despite prevention and other efforts to reduce high-risk behaviors such as unprotected sex, buying and selling of sex, and injecting drug use, HIV vulnerability and risk remain ://Other cities across the state and country, including Pittsburgh, New York, Chicago, San Francisco and Los Angeles have also authorized needle service programs.

[1] Philadelphia Department of Public Health, HIV and AIDS in the City of Philadelphia, Report [2] US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, AIDS Surveillance Report, 08/